Funeral directors, also called morticians and undertakers, manage funeral homes and arrange the details of a funeral.
Funeral directors typically do the following:
Most funeral directors arrange the details and handle the logistics of funerals. Together with the family, funeral directors establish the locations, dates, and times of wakes, memorial services, and burials. They handle other details as well, such as determining whether the body should be buried, entombed, or cremated. This decision is critical because funeral practices vary among cultures and religions.
Although family members or others may handle some details, funeral directors must be able to assist family members in preparing obituary notices and arranging for pallbearers (people who carry the coffin) and clergy. They may decorate and prepare the sites of services, arrange for flowers, and provide transportation for the deceased and mourners.
Most funeral directors handle paperwork involved with the person’s death, including submitting papers to state officials to get a formal death certificate. Some help resolve insurance claims or apply for veterans’ funeral benefits on behalf of the family. They also may notify the Social Security Administration of the death.
In many settings, funeral directors embalm the deceased. Embalming is a sanitary and cosmetic process through which the body is prepared for burial, usually in a casket.
Funeral services may take place in a home, house of worship, or funeral home or at the gravesite or crematory.
A growing number of funeral directors work with clients who wish to plan their own funerals in advance to ensure that their needs are met.
Many funeral directors also help prepare and ship bodies if the person dies in one place and is to be buried or cremated elsewhere.
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2012-13 Edition