Employment of computer and information research scientists is expected to grow by 19 percent from 2010 to 2020, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Computer scientists will be needed to develop the software that controls increasingly complicated electronics. These electronic components, called embedded systems, are in many products, from cars to machines that are used for performing some healthcare procedures remotely. A growing emphasis on cyber security also should lead to new jobs, as computer scientists will be needed to identify innovative ways to prevent attacks or track hackers.
In addition, growth will be driven by an increase in cloud computing systems, which allow users to store files, get software, and use other information technology (IT) services over the Internet. Computer scientists will be needed to design the infrastructure to enable widespread adoption of cloud computing.
Computer and information research scientists are likely to enjoy excellent job prospects. There are a limited number of Ph.D. graduates each year. As a result, many companies report difficulties finding a sufficient supply of these highly skilled workers.
For applicants seeking employment in a specialized field, such as finance or biology, knowledge of that field, along with the computer science degree, may be helpful in attaining a job.
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2012-13 Edition